10 Ingredients Substitutes

If you don't have the correct ingredients at hand, use this list of substitutions for common cooking ingredients.

1. Alcohol/Liqueur

When making substitutions for alcohols, it is important to keep the volume of liquid in the recipe the same as originally called for. Depending on the recipe, apple juice or chicken broth often makes a good substitution for wine. When using flavored liqueurs, extracts can be substituted if you make up the balance of the liquid with water. For example, if a recipe calls for a 2 tablespoons Grand Marnier, you could use 1/2 teaspoon orange extract. Just be sure to get the same level of orange flavor. This may take some experimentation.

2. Baking Powder

1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar can be substituted for a teaspoon baking powder.

3. Honey

11/4 cups sugar plus 2/3 cup liquid (use whatever liquid is called for in the recipe) can be substituted cups of honey.

4. Butter

Unsalted butter can be substituted for regular butter in any recipe. It is not necessary to add salt. margarine can also be substituted for butter. Do NOT use low fat spreads or light butter for baking.

5. Buttermilk

1 tablespoon vinegar plus enough milk to equal 1 cup or 2/3 cup plain yogurt plus 1/3 cup milk can be substituted for 1 cup buttermilk.

6. Chocolate Chips, Semi Sweet

6 ounces semi-sweet chocolate, chopped can be substituted for 1 cup (6 ounces) semi-sweet chocolate chips. When substituting for chocolate chips, make sure to use the same type of chocolate (i.e semi-sweet, milk)

7. Chocolate, Semi-Sweet

3 tablespoons chocolate chips or 1 square (1-ounce) unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar can be substituted for 1 square (1-ounce) semi-sweet chocolate. 6 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 7 tablespoons sugar plus 1/4 cup fat can be substituted for 6 ounces semi-sweet chocolate.

8. Chocolate, Unsweetened

1 2/3 ounce semisweet chocolate (reduce sugar in recipe by 2 teaspoons) or 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoon butter, margarine or shortening can be used instead of 1 ounce unsweetened baking chocolate or 1 ounce pre-melted unsweetened chocolate.

9. Coffee

1/2 cup hot water and 1 teaspoon instant coffee granules can be substituted for 1/2 cup strong brewed coffee.

10. Cornstarch

2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 2 teaspoon arrowroot starch can be substituted for 1 tablespoon constratch.